The Complete Summer Transfer Reliability Guide [2023]

The growing role of social media in today’s footballing world is becoming ever more apparent. Fans across the globe have access to multiple sources of information through interactive mobile applications such as Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.

This has escalated the distribution of news stories and headlines and enables media outlets to publish exclusive content online at rates that we could never have envisioned a couple of decades ago.

Accompanying the never ending need for news reporting is a growing demand for reliable sources of information.

When the transfer window opens twice a year, there is a flurry of rumours, articles and social media comments whirling about players being said to join rival clubs; ply their trade abroad or even make free transfers for massive sign on fees.

It can become difficult to keep up with it all , as most of these news outlets are motivated by a desire to drive revenues by way of selling more newspapers or driving more traffic to their websites through clicks.

A lot of the time, transfer rumours are just that, rumours!

It has therefore become increasingly important to be able to “separate the wheat from the chaff” so to speak, which is why here at Soccer Whizz we have graded club sources on a spectrum that ranges from most reliable (Tier 0) to least reliable (Tier 5).

I came across the transfer tier system by way of the Manchester United subreddit many years ago, after their moderators had grown tired of falling for the falsified reporting and sensationalised transfer gossip ever since David Moyes took over the reigns at Old Trafford.

So credit must undoubtedly go to the moderator team there who, to this day, still manage the club subbreddit professionally.

I sought to compile an accurate ranking of each club’s sources and after a long time spent researching various club subreddits, reading comments and gauging user consensus, I’ve managed to publish a few transfer reliability guides – like a Man Utd one – for some of the top clubs in world football.

But before I get down to that, here’s a quick breakdown of the tier structure:


Transfer tier structure


Tier 0 – Official, undisputed sources

Often referred to as the “God Tier” and is simply information that is communicated by an official club source.

transfer reliability guide - tier 0 level

For example, a club’s official Twitter account may announce a transfer (see Thiago Silva recently), or an announcement on the official club website which would also suffice.


Tier 1 – Highest quality sources

With the sources ranked within this tier, they are usually not the first to disclose a club’s interest in a player, but when they comment on a particular rumour or transfer bid, you can be reasonably sure that there is basis to the story and in most cases, a transfer is likely to be completed.

transfer reliability guide - tier 1 level

One of the most well known journalists who fits into this tier is Fabrizio Romano, as he’s well known for using a unique tagline on social media when confirming transfer agreements between clubs.


Tier 2 – Proven to have current sources

These are the journalists and media outlets known to have sources but who fall just short of the mark for being considered authoritative in a transfer rumour or discussion.

However, this tier is open to slight interpretation in events where multiple sources from this tier report on the same rumour or story.

In such cases, there is usually a strong degree of truth to the rumour.


Tier 3 – Unreliable and not to be solely trusted upon

This group arguably falls into the “broken clock is right twice a day” category.

transfer reliability guide - tier 3 level

This means that there occasionally is a degree of truth to some of the stories that they publish.

However, they are often left fighting for relevance in a sector of the sports industry that has become flooded with gossip stories.


Tier 4 – Not to be trusted at all

In the cut-throat world of sports media, those in this tier frequently publish unsubstantiated rumours in order to generate website clicks for revenue.

transfer reliability guide - tier 4 level


Tier 5 – Aggregators and banned sources

The final tier consists of websites like NewsNow who simply collate stories from multiple outlets, as well as sources that are banned from being posted on various club subreddits.


Transfer reliability guide by club

Manchester United

Manchester City






West Ham

Newcastle United



Leicester City

Leeds United


Paris Saint Germain

Olympique Lyon


Inter Milan

AC Milan


Real Madrid

Atletico Madrid

Bayern Munich

Borussia Dortmund


Frequently asked questions

Whilst doing my research I’ve encountered a quite a few regular questions asked by members of the various Reddit football club communities.

I thought I’d also try to answer some of them.


Is Fabrizio Romano reliable?

The answer to this question is often a yes.

Romano is often regarded as a Tier 1 or Tier 2 source at the least for a number of the world’s biggest clubs and has become one of the top Italian reporters in the industry with his reputation having risen to great heights particularly over the last few years.

Additionally, club fans across social media have taken a liking to his “Here we go!” tagline that he uses whenever a transfer deal has been concluded, which acts as a sort of rubber stamp to signal that the transfer is over the line.


What are the most reliable soccer sources?

The most reliable soccer sources are those who consistently place in Tier 1 across each transfer reliability guide for different clubs.

An example of this is Paul Joyce for the Merseyside clubs or Fabrizio Romano for Italian clubs.


Is Marca reliable?

MARCA is a Spanish national daily sport newspaper that has a nationwide distribution throughout the country.

They have been listed as Tier 2 for Real Madrid which means they are fairly reliable for the Madrid clubs (Real and Atletico).

However, with reports pertaining to Barcelona, they are not to be trusted.


Is Mundo Deportivo reliable?

Mundo Deportivo is a Spanish newspaper published in Barcelona with a readership that is mainly based in Catalunya.

They are pro Barcelona in their reporting but are not reliable for Barcelona themselves (Tier 3) and neither are they reliable for Real Madrid or Atletico Madrid.


Where can I find reliable EPL transfer news?

Follow some of the top journalists who report on England’s biggest clubs on social media.

This includes the likes of Simon Stone, David Ornstein, Paul Joyce, Sam Lee and James Ducker.

Samuel Waihenya
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